The Civil War is sometimes still referred to as “the war of northern aggression” in many places in the deep south, even in present day. (Yet, it was the confederacy who fired the first shot at Fort Sumter.) This war is unlike any of the other wars we have studied so far this semester. This conflict pitted families against families and in many cases, brothers from the same family fighting on opposite sides of the battlefield. This war forever fractured America as a country and we have not been the same. Never before did we have so much loss of life on such a large scale. One of the reasons for this is the use of very advanced weaponry, combined with traditional styles of fighting. Also, if a solider was injured on the battlefield, they were more likely to die from disease due to lack of proper medical treatment, lack of anesthetics for pain, and before the invention of antibiotics to fight infection. Once a human limb became infected from gangrene, doctors had no choice but to amputate the limb high enough to stop the spread of the disease. Doctors performed amputations with the patient wide-awake and no pain killer.
The idea of honoring the dead also became important after the civil war. For many families, the bodies of the soldiers were buried where they fell on the battlefield. Many organizations came together to honor the loved ones, which has now become celebrated yearly events such as memorial day.
Section A: What are some other reasons as to why the civil war lasted as long as it did? What are the strengths and weaknesses of the North vs. South? Please reference at least 3 specific examples from your American Yawp textbook chapters.
Section B: In the POV article, what are some of the arguments Kenneth M. Stampp and Richard H. Sewell make about what caused the civil war? Please provide specific examples from EACH article. (1-2 fully developed paragraphs)
Section C: After watching the videos on the Civil War, what are some things that captured your attention? Why should we continue to learn about the Civil War? Why do future generations need to know about it? Please provide 3 to 4 specific examples from the videos.